It describes the linkages between the two at the micro, meso, and macro levels to inform development policies. It first examines demonstrates the role of trade liberalization in the creation of global markets, which is sometimes referred to as globalization. Standard trade analysis, like macroeconomic policy, is gender blind, not gender neutral. Introducing a gender perspective for understanding processes of trade and economic growth – through, for example, the application of gender value-chain analysis – increases our understanding of the interactions between gender and trade. Finally, a section of the module is devoted to new trade-related matters, such as trade-related intellectual property rights, trade in services, as well as the relationship between trade agreements and multilateral environment agreements.